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In Herodotus’ account the Trojans swore to the Greek envoys that Helen was in Egypt, not in Troy; but the Greeks did not believe them, and laid siege to town, until they took it. The abduction by Paris was another popular motif in ancient Greek vase-painting; positively more popular than the kidnapping by Theseus. In a well-known illustration by the Athenian vase painter Makron, Helen follows Paris like a bride following a bridegroom, her wrist grasped by Paris’ hand.

There are not any official statistics about Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost, but the Orthodox Church estimates the followers as 20,000. The historical group of Greek Jews are called Romaniotes, while the Sephardi Jews have been once a prominent group within the city of Thessaloniki, numbering some 80,000, or greater than half of the inhabitants, by 1900. However, after the German occupation of Greece and the Holocaust during World War II, is estimated to number round 5,500 people. Estimates of the recognised Greek Muslim minority, which is mostly positioned in Thrace, range around one hundred,000, (about 1% of the population). Some of the Albanian immigrants to Greece come from a nominally Muslim background, although most are secular in orientation.

King Proteus of Egypt, appalled that Paris had seduced his host’s wife and plundered his host’s house in Sparta, disallowed Paris from taking Helen to Troy. Paris returned to Troy and not using a new bride, but the Greeks refused to consider that Helen was in Egypt and not within Troy’s partitions. Thus, Helen waited in Memphis for ten years, while the Greeks and the Trojans fought.

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According to other sources, 15.8% of Greeks describe themselves as “very religious”, which is the very best among all European international locations. The survey also discovered that simply three.5% never attend a church, compared to 4.9% in Poland and 59.1% within the Czech Republic. The Greek Constitution recognises Eastern Orthodoxy as the ‘prevailing’ faith of the country, whereas guaranteeing freedom of religious belief for all. The Greek government doesn’t hold statistics on non secular groups and censuses don’t ask for spiritual affiliation.

Greek science, know-how and mathematics are typically thought-about to have reached their peak during the Hellenistic interval. While the Greeks of the classical era understood themselves to belong to a standard Hellenic genos, their first loyalty was to their metropolis and so they noticed nothing incongruous about warring, typically brutally, with other Greek metropolis-states. The Peloponnesian War, the big scale civil warfare between the greek mail order bride two strongest Greek metropolis-states Athens and Sparta and their allies, left both tremendously weakened. It is so named as a result of it set the standards by which Greek civilization could be judged in later eras. The Classical interval can also be described because the “Golden Age” of Greek civilization, and its artwork, philosophy, architecture and literature could be instrumental within the formation and improvement of Western tradition.


Athens ended its campaigns against Persia in 450 BC, after a disastrous defeat in Egypt in 454 BC, and the demise of Cimon in motion in opposition to the Persians on Cyprus in 450. Ten years later, a second invasion was launched by Darius’ son Xerxes. The metropolis-states of northern and central Greece submitted to the Persian forces without resistance, but a coalition of 31 Greek city states, including Athens and Sparta, determined to withstand the Persian invaders. At the same time, Greek Sicily was invaded by a Carthaginian pressure. In 480 BC, the primary main battle of the invasion was fought at Thermopylae, the place a small force of Greeks, led by three hundred Spartans, held an important move into the center of Greece for a number of days; on the same time Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse, defeated the Carthaginian invasion on the Battle of Himera.

The oath of Hippocrates, the daddy of drugs, remains to be recited by newly graduating physicians. Archimedes discovered the rules of mechanics and hydrostatics. Eratosthenes calculated the earth’s circumference with outstanding accuracy, and Hipparchus Founded scientific astronomy.

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The Aetolian league grew wary of Roman involvement in Greece, and sided with the Seleucids in the Roman–Seleucid War; when the Romans have been victorious, the league was effectively absorbed into the Republic. Although the Achaean league outlasted both the Aetolian league and Macedon, it was additionally quickly defeated and absorbed by the Romans in 146 BC, bringing an end to the independence of all of Greece.


While theoretically these definitions are in opposition, in follow the distinction has been blurred traditionally. Led by Cleisthenes, Athenians established what is mostly held as the first democracy in 508–507 BC , which took steadily the type of a direct democracy. The democratic type of authorities declined in the course of the Hellenistic and Roman eras, only to be revived as an curiosity in Western Europe during the early trendy interval. The flag of the Greek Orthodox Church is based on the coat of arms of the Palaiologoi, the final dynasty of the Byzantine Empire. Poets similar to Andreas Kalvos, Athanasios Christopoulos, Kostis Palamas, the writer of Hymn to Liberty Dionysios Solomos, Angelos Sikelianos, Kostas Karyotakis, Maria Polydouri, Yannis Ritsos, Kostas Varnalis, Nikos Kavvadias, Andreas Embirikos and Kiki Dimoula.

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Notable playwrights of the trendy Greek theatre embody Gregorios Xenopoulos, Nikos Kazantzakis, Pantelis Horn, Alekos Sakellarios and Iakovos Kambanelis, whereas notable actors embrace Cybele Andrianou, Marika Kotopouli, Aimilios Veakis, Orestis Makris, Katina Paxinou, Manos Katrakis and Dimitris Horn. There had been several interconnected traditions of painting in historical Greece. Due to their technical variations, they underwent considerably differentiated developments.

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On 20 July 1974, Turkey invaded the island of Cyprus in response to a Greek-backed Cypriot coup, triggering a political disaster in Greece that led to the regime’s collapse and the restoration of democracy via Metapolitefsi. The history of the Greek people is carefully associated with the history of Greece, Cyprus, Constantinople, Asia Minor and the Black Sea.

Later, through the Ottoman period, the primary theatrical people art was the Karagiozis. The renaissance which led to the modern Greek theatre, occurred in the Venetian Crete. Significal dramatists include Vitsentzos Kornaros and Georgios Chortatzis.

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